America's Agency Investigation            510-988-7494                                 

America's Agency Investigation            510-988-7494                                 


America's Agency investigation 


 America’s Agency Investigation was founded in 1908 as the Bureau of Investigation (BOI) by Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte, who hired 34 people, including some veterans of the Secret Service, to work for a new investigative agency1. Its first chief was Stanley Finch1. The BOI was responsible for conducting investigations in cases where federal laws may have been violated, unless another agency of the federal government had been specifically delegated that duty by statute or executive fiat2.

In 1935, the BOI was renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) by its director, J. Edgar Hoover, who served as the bureau’s head from 1924 to 19722. The FBI expanded its jurisdiction and responsibilities over the years, especially during World War II and the Cold War, when it was involved in counterintelligence, counterespionage, and counterterrorism operations. The FBI also dealt with various types of crimes, such as organized crime, white-collar crime, civil rights violations, and cybercrime2.

In 1947, the National Security Act was passed, which created the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) as an independent agency under the direction of the National Security Council3. The CIA was the successor of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), which was the wartime intelligence agency of the United States during World War II3. The CIA was tasked with collecting, analyzing, and disseminating intelligence on foreign countries and their activities, as well as conducting covert operations and paramilitary actions to advance the interests of the United States3.

In 1973, following the Watergate scandal and the revelations of illegal and unethical activities by the FBI and the CIA, such as domestic spying, political assassination, and human rights abuses, President Richard Nixon ordered a reorganization of the intelligence community. He created the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) as a separate agency from the FBI, and transferred some of the CIA’s domestic functions to the FBI3. He also appointed William Colby as the director of the CIA, who initiated a series of reforms and disclosures to improve the accountability and oversight of the agency3.

In 1983, after a series of terrorist attacks against American interests abroad, such as the bombing of the U.S. embassy and the Marine barracks in Beirut, Lebanon, President Ronald Reagan issued a directive that authorized the FBI and the CIA to cooperate more closely in counterterrorism efforts. He also established the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) as a joint venture between the FBI and the CIA, with the mission of integrating and analyzing all intelligence pertaining to terrorism and coordinating the actions of all relevant agencies3.

In 1993, following the end of the Cold War and the emergence of new threats and challenges, such as the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the rise of transnational organized crime, and the increase of cyberattacks, President Bill Clinton signed the Intelligence Authorization Act, which created the position of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) as the head of the intelligence community and the principal adviser to the president on intelligence matters. The DNI was given the authority to oversee and coordinate the activities and budgets of all 16 agencies that comprise the intelligence community, including the FBI and the CIA3.

In 2001, after the devastating attacks of September 11, which exposed the failures and gaps in the intelligence and security systems of the United States, President George W. Bush signed the USA PATRIOT Act, which granted the FBI and the CIA expanded powers and resources to combat terrorism and prevent future attacks. He also created the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) as a new cabinet-level department that consolidated 22 agencies and offices that were responsible for various aspects of domestic security, such as border protection, immigration enforcement, disaster response, and cybersecurity3.

In 2010, after a series of high-profile leaks and disclosures of classified information by whistleblowers and hackers, such as Chelsea Manning, Edward Snowden, and Julian Assange, President Barack Obama issued an executive order that established the Insider Threat Program, which required all federal agencies to implement policies and procedures to detect and deter unauthorized disclosures of sensitive information by their employees and contractors. He also appointed James Clapper as the DNI, who initiated a series of reforms and initiatives to enhance the transparency and accountability of the intelligence community, such as the creation of the Intelligence Community Whistleblower Protection Act, the establishment of the Intelligence Transparency Council, and the launch of the IC on the Record website3.

In 2020, after the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, which posed a major public health and economic crisis for the United States and the world, President Donald Trump declared a national emergency and invoked the Defense Production Act, which gave him the authority to direct the production and distribution of critical supplies and equipment by private companies and federal agencies. He also appointed Richard Grenell as the acting DNI, who made several controversial changes and appointments in the intelligence community, such as the removal of several senior officials, the reorganization of some offices and functions, and the nomination of John Ratcliffe as the permanent DNI3.

In 2023, after the inauguration of President Joe Biden, who pledged to restore the trust and confidence of the American people in the intelligence community and to address the emerging and evolving threats and challenges of the 21st century, such as the rise of China, the resurgence of Russia, the instability of the Middle East, the spread of extremism and radicalization, and the impact of climate change, he appointed Avril Haines as the DNI, who became the first woman to hold the position. She also announced a series of priorities and goals for the intelligence community, such as strengthening the diversity and inclusion of its workforce, enhancing the collaboration and integration of its capabilities, and increasing the innovation and adaptation of its methods and technologies3.

Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin

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